On This Day in History: January 6

It is January 6, 2015. Like any other day, it is a day to remember historical events. What happened today in history?

1066: The Coronation of Harold II of England

Most will know 1066 as the year of the Battle of Hastings, but before that came the death of Edward the Confessor and the coronation of a new king. Harold Godwineson, the head of England’s most powerful noble family, became Anne of ClevesKing of England, officially being crowned on this day in history. Edward has apparently designated Harold his heir, but William, Duke of Normandy, disputed this. Harold and William eventually met on the battlefield in October of the same year, with Harold dying and William being crowned King of England.

1540: The Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

Henry VIII took his fourth wife on this day, Anne of Cleves. It was the least successful marriage of the king with six wives, ending in an annulment six months later. However, Anne was arguably the luckiest of Henry’s wives, living until the mid-1550s. Anne had travelled from Cleves and had never seen the king before their meeting days before their wedding. She did not speak a word of English and did not bow to Henry VIII when he visited her, not realizing it was him.

1649: Charles I Trial Decision Made

On this day in history, the English Rump Parliament decided to put Charles I of England on trial for treason and other crimes. This occurred not too long after his capture at the end of the English Civil War and wouldn’t end well for the English and Scottish King. Charles I would refuse to acknowledge the authority of the English Parliamentary Court, since he was the king and he only answered to God. It would end with his execution weeks later.

1838: The Telegraph Demonstrated by Samuel Morse

Samuel Morse demonstrated his electric invention the telegraph in history today. He had come up with the idea in 1832 after discovering the electromagnet, but didn’t realize that other inventors had already started working on a similar device. Alfred Vail and Leonard Gale helped him, and by 1838 he was able to show off the device that used Morse code–a series of dots and dashes for letters and numbers. It took another five years to convince congress to fund the first telegraph line and another year for him to send the first official telegram over that line.

1919: The Death of Theodore Roosevelt

On this day, Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th U.S. president, died at his home overlooking Long Island Sound. He became the youngest ever president in 1901 after the assassination of President William McKinley, and was elected for a second term three years later. He even ran for a third term as the candidate for the Progressive Party. He was Richard IIvery vocal for the entrance into World War I and was against the League of Nations. It is possible that he died from the various tropical diseases he had contracted during his travelling years.

Famous Birthdays on January 6

Richard II of England—1367

Joan of Arc—1412

Explorer John Smith–1580

Baseball inventor Ban Johnson–1864

Chancellor of Germany Karl Straube–1873

German engineer and post-War Volkswagen managing director Heinz Nordhoff—1899

Tennis player Darlene Hard–1936

Pink Floyd founder Syd Barrett—1946

Blackadder actor Rowan Atkinson–1955

Artic Monkeys member Alex Turner–1986

Sources:

 

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and OnThisDay.com

Image of Anne of Cleves in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_of_Cleves#/media/File:Anne_of_Cleves,_by_Hans_Holbein_the_Younger.jpg)

Image of Richard II in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_II_of_England#/media/File:Richard_II_King_of_England.jpg)


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