On This Day in History: January 30

January 30 saw the first and last execution of a British king. What else happened in history today?

1649: The Execution of King Charles I

Charles I of England and ScotlandNever before had a British king been executed, but January 30, 1649 saw the first and last. Charles I of England and Scotland walked to the scaffold, after requesting two shirts to make sure he did not visibly shiver. He did not want to seem scared of the axe. Charles Stuart, second son of James I of England, VI of Scotland, had been convicted of treason and England entered into a Parliamentarian state temporarily. It would take 11 years for his son to be invited back as monarch.

1835: Attempt on President Andrew Jackson’s Life

On this day in history, there was an attempt on President Andrew Jackson’s life while at the House of Representatives. It would be the first time an assassination attempt would take place on a president, but certainly not the last. Jackson was the seventh United States president. Richard Lawrence was identified as the shooter at the funeral service for Warren R. Davis, Representative of South Carolina. Lawrence had fired two pistols, but failed to hit his target. He was later found insane during trial and sentenced to time in a mental institution.

1948: Assassination of Gandhi

Today in history did see an assassination. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Indian independence movement leader, was Franklin Rooseveltassassinated by Nathuram Godse. It all started when Gandhi has sought to gain a unified India, independent from Britain. However, the Muslim League disagreed with the unification and Britain decided that the country should be split in two: India and Pakistan. As violence broke out between the Muslims and Hindus, Gandhi visited troubled areas and fasted to try and bring an end to religious strife. Godse was a Hindu extremist, intolerant to the Muslims. He shot and killed the religious leader.

1972: Northern Ireland Shook By Bloody Sunday

The British Army paratroopers shot at unarmed civil rights demonstrators in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, killing 13 and injuring 17. The event would become known as “Bloody Sunday” and was viewed as an attack by the British Army on the Northern Irish Catholics, who were marching in protest against the internment of Irish national suspects by the British. The protest and killings sparked worldwide attention and interest into the Northern Irish cause, which had escalated in 1969. The British government looked into the shootings and exonerated the troops involved just three months later. The Irish weren’t happy and it would spark more protests and a fight between the IRA and the British military, with a number of Irish people viewed as terrorists trialed and convicted of crimes without a jury present. While the IRA has officially disarmed, there are still worries that it will be picked up, especially since the latest Brexit vote, where Northern Ireland and Scotland voted highly to remain in the EU.

Famous Birthdays on January 30

Nathanial Banks—1816

President Franklin D. Roosevelt—1882

Historian Barbara Tuchman—1912

Dick Martin—1922

Gene Hackman—1930

Dick Cheney—1941

Genesis drummer Phil Collins–1951

American Psycho actor Christian Bale–1974

The Originals actress Danielle Campbell—1995

Dance Moms dancer Brooke Hyland–1998

Sources:

 

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Image of Charles I in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England#/media/File:Charles_I_(Prince_of_Wales).jpg)

Image of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt#/media/File:FDR_in_1933.jpg)


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