On February 25, Queen Elizabeth I was excommunicated by the pope. What else happened today in history?
1570: Excommunication of Elizabeth I of England
Despite her half-sister Mary attempting to bring back Catholicism to England, Elizabeth had pushed the religious reformation forward. Like Henry VIII, she headed the Church of England, but did keep some Catholic elements to keep the peace. Pope Pius V claimed outside the Roman Catholic Church there was no salvation, and Elizabeth was the pretend Queen of England. He excommunicated her, forbidding loyal subjects to obey her. This did lead to a plot against the Protestant queen, with the aim to replace her with a Catholic one; most likely her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. Innocent Catholics suffered due to this.
1862: Passing of the Legal Tender Act
On this day in history, the Legal Tender Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. It meant that paper notes could be used to pay government bills, allowing the government to finance the Civil War. Before now, only gold and silver coins could be used, but the reserves were depleting. Creditors had to accept greenbacks—paper notes—at face value. Another Legal Tender Act was passed a year later, with a foundation of a permanent currency now in creation.
1948: Communism Takes Over in Czechoslovakia
President Eduard Benes gave into communism pressure in Czechoslovakia on this day in history. It would take another two decades for the Soviet Union to move in, but this was the start of the communist expansion across Eastern Europe. Benes had tried to build the country back up from the difficulties during World War II, but the people had voted in mostly left-viewed members in 1946. Benes needed to create a coalition, but the U.S. worried about communism growing. When the U.S. terminated a large Czechoslovakian loan there was outrage across the country. The economy spiraled and communism was able to take over.
1982: Parents Stop School Beating
British parents were told they could stop school beatings today in history. The European Court of Human Rights ruled that the Human Rights Convention was in violation if schools beat children without parents’ consent. It brought an end to a four-year battle as Grace Campbell and Jane Cosans, as they fought to protect their sons from beatings in two different Scottish schools. The Strathclyde regional education authority later banned the tawse—a leather strap used for beating the palm of the hand. All beatings were later ruled as violations of the Human Rights Act.
Famous Birthdays on February 25
French Impressionist founder Pierre Auguste Renoir—1841
Italian tenor Enrico Caruso—1873
President Eisenhower’s Secretary of State John Foster Dulles—1888
Former minister of the Soviet Union, Vlacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin–1890
WWI German fighter Rudolf von Eschwege—1895
A Clockwork Orange writer Anthony Burgess—1917
The Beatles guitarist George Harrison—1943
Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel actor Alexis Denisof—1966
Harry Potter actors Oliver and James Phelps—1986
Malcolm in the Middle actor Justin Berfield–1986
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Image of Elizabeth I of England in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England#/media/File:Elizabeth_I_when_a_Princess.jpg)
Image of Pierre Auguste Renoir in the public domain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Auguste_Renoir#/media/File:Pierre_Auguste_Renoir,_uncropped_image.jpg)
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