On March 5, black Americans gained a victory in the court system. What else happened today in history?
1770: Boston Massacre with Snowballs
Anti-British feelings were further built in history today after the Boston Massacre on King Street. A Patriot mob started throwing sticks, stones, and snowballs at British soliders, so they retaliated. When Captain Thomas Preston called in more troops, the mob continued so the British open-fired. Five men were killed, including one of the earliest black martyrs, Crispus Attucks. At a town meeting, the people called for the removal of the British troops and two of the soliders were later found guilty of manslaughter. This is one of the events that historians link to the start of the Revolutionary War.
1815: Death of Franz Anton Mesmer
The founder of hypnotherapy, Franz Anton Mesmer, died in history today. He had spent his life studying religion, philosophy and medicine, but had not succeeded at anything. After following the works of Swiss priest Father Glassner in faith healing, he looked for the reason. Despite having numerous big names follow him, King Louis XVI’s commission found that he could not back up his claims with scientific research. His practice declined and he was forced to retire into obscurity.
1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt Declares a Bank Holiday
The United States was in the middle of a banking crisis. Just days before, Washington State had temporarily passed a bill to close all of its banks, as too many people were attempting to draw money out of their accounts that banks were unable to fulfil the requirements. Many other states followed suit. The bank holiday was to last three days, but Roosevelt extended it from March 6 until March 9 and then later until March 13. From there, he and his Government could work on a solution to prevent another financial crash.
1956: Black Students Win Court Victory
After three black students were forced admittance to the University of North Carolina, the college decided to appeal the ruling. The United States Supreme Court upheld the ruling of the lower court. Black and white students were not allowed to be educated in separate schools, as the “separate but equal” slogan had “no place” in public education.
Famous Birthdays on March 4
King Henry II of England–1189
King Louis I of Hungary—1326
Slide rule inventor William Oughtred—1574
American Public Health Association founder Elisha Harris—1824
The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood author Howard Pyle—1853
Baseball player Sam Thompson—1860
Brazillian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos—1887
Televangelist pastor Joel Osteen–1963
Dallas Cowboys player Michael Irving–1966
Hitch actress Eva Mendes—1974
New Zealand rugby player Dan Carter—1982
Sonny with a Chance actor Sterling Knight–1989
YouTuber and singer Madison Beer–1999
Birthdays from HistoryNet and Famous Birthdays
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Franklin D. Roosevelt in the public domain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt#/media/File:FDR_in_1933.jpg
King Louis I of Hungary in the public domain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_I_of_Hungary#/media/File:I._Lajos_a_Thur%C3%B3czi-kr%C3%B3nik%C3%A1ban.png
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