On this day in British history, Queen Anne made her first speech in Parliament. Here are the events and famous birthdays on March 11 in history.
1702: Queen Anne Makes Her First Speech
Just three days after becoming Queen of England and Scotland, Anne made her first speech to Parliament. She had ascended to the throne after the death of her Dutch brother-in-law, William, and was quick to distance herself from him. In her speech, she made it very clear that she was entirely English. This may have upset the Scottish people, who had not yet joined an official union with the English people; that would not take place until 1707.
1708: Queen Anne Withholds Royal Assent for Parliamentary Bill
For the last time in British history, Queen Anne withheld Royal Assent for the Scottish Militia Bill. She worried that those who supported the Jacobite cause would use the bill to their advantage and wanted to put Britain–and her own position on the throne–first. The decision wasn’t taken lightly, and she did take advice from her ministers first. While bills are created in Parliament, they will still go through the House of Lords and the monarch for ratifying. It is still possible for the monarch to withhold consent, but tradition states that it would never happen.
1861: The Adoption of the Confederate Constitution
On this day in history, the Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America was adopted by Texas, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina. It was ery much like the U.S. Constitution, but was very similar to the post-Revolutionary War’s Articles of Confederation by delegating extensive powers to states. It also protected slavery, and allowed six-year terms for all presidents and vice-presidents. Another difference was that presidents would not be allowed to stand for successive terms.
1884: The Death of Gunslinger Ben Thompson
Ben Thompson, a Texas gunslinger, had been ambushed into the San Antonio theater by his enemies. Despite hisrun-ins with the law, in 1880, he had become sheriff of Austin but he still involved himself in some of the shady gambling. That same year, he quarrelled over a debt with Bill Simms and Joe Foster. The two ambushed him four years later, and their hidden accomplices murdered him while he tried to make peace.
1997: Paul McCartney Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
Paul McCartney was knighted on this day in history. Queen Elizabeth II thanked him for his “services to music” with the prestigious position, with fans waiting outside to congratulate him. His wife, Linda McCartney, was suffering from breast cancer at the time and was unable to join him, but three out of four of their children attended the centuries-old ceremony at Buckingham Palace. He made a comment about only three tickets for guests, so the children had to draw straws.
Famous Birthdays on March 11
Declaration of Independence signatory Robert Treat Paine—1731
French ballet dancer, Marius Petipa–1819
First motorist to travel at more than 300mph Sir Michael Campbell—1885
Frederick IX of Denmark—1899
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson–1916
British Airways CEO Henry Marking–1920
Civil rights leader Ralph David Abernathy—1926
The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy writer Douglas Adams—1952
Doctor Who actress Alex Kingston—1963
Doctor Who and Arrow actor John Barrowman—1967
Good Charlotte Singer and Guitarist twins Joel and Benji Madden—1979
YouTube star Josh Sobo—1994
Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Image of Queen Anne in the public domain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne,_Queen_of_Great_Britain#/media/File:Queen_Anne_of_Great_Britain.jpg
Robert Treat Paine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Treat_Paine#/media/File:Robert_Treat_Paine_portrait.jpg
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