On This Day in History: March 15

On March 15, Russian’s last tsar abdicated his throne. It would not be enough to save his life and the lives of his family. Here are the events from today in history.

44: The Murder of Julius Caesar

This day in history saw the murder of Roman Caesar Julius. He had compared himself too much to Alexander the Great, and his own friends worried for the Roman Empire if he remained in power. His death was later covered in Nicholas II of RussiaLives of the Nobel Grecians and Romans by Thomas North. This was used to help William Shakespeare write his play Tragedy of Julius Caesar in 15999.

1820: Maine Becomes the 23rd State

Maine entered the Union on March 15, 1820, becoming the 23rd state to do so. It was part of the Missouri Compromise, as Southern senators wanted Missouri to enter as a slave state. Before now, Maine was not a free state and was actually a Massachusetts province.

1917: The Abdication of Nicholas II of Russia

Just days after the February Revolution began, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia finally agreed to abdicate. He was forced into the decision, after ruling since 1894. The country had wanted socialist reforms after poverty and strife reached the nation. After his abdication, he and his family were held at Czarskoye Selo Palace and then moved to Yekaterinburg Palace. The death sentence was secretly passed against the Romanovs, and they were massacred on July 16, 1918.

1965: A Call for All to Vote

On this day in history, President Lyndon B. Johnson made a call for equal voting rights for everybody, regardless of race or color. While it had already been placed in the 15th Amendment that race should not stop a person voting, various states still imposed blocks, including tests on literacy and character. As the civil rights movement moved forward — although received a lot of backlash, especially in the southern states — Johnson saw that it was time to William Lambprevent states from imposing blocks on voting. Months after his passionate speech, he would sign the Voting Rights Act, which prevented states from putting up their own barriers. Blacks were given the chance to challenge barriers put in place and voter turnout improved. President Nixon furthered this movement, by reducing the voting age to 18.

Famous Birthdays on March 15

The model for Santa Claus, St. Nicholas–270

Princess Margaret Plantagenet, daughter of Edward I–1275

Shunzhi Emperor of China–1638

United States President Andrew Jackson—1767

Whig British Prime Minister William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne–1779

First medicine Nobel Prize winner Emil von Behring—1854

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg—1933

Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart—1935

Twisted Sister singer Dee Snider—1955

Desperate Housewives actress Eva Longoria—1975

Twilight actor Kellen Lutz—1985

YouTube singer Alex Goot—1988

The Vamps bassist Connor Ball—1996

Sources:

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and Famousbirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Image of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_II_of_Russia#/media/File:Nicholas_II_by_Boissonnas_%26_Eggler_c1909.jpg

William Lamb: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lamb,_2nd_Viscount_Melbourne#/media/File:William_Lamb,_2nd_Viscount_Melbourne_by_Sir_Edwin_Henry_Landseer.jpg


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