On This Day in History: April 5

On April 5, the first ever presidential veto was used by George Washington. What other things happened in history today?

1603: King James Moves to London

The Scottish King James VI was now James I of England. Uniting the two countries was the first on his agenda and that meant being viewed as the rightful king. He moved to London to oversee all matters, promising to return to James VIEdinburgh regularly–once every three years. This would be a promise that he would fail to keep, favoring his new English home.

1614: The Marriage of Pocahontas

Temporary peace between the English settlers and Powhatan tribe was gained on this day in history. Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan chief, married English settler and tobacco planter John Rolfe. They married in the first permanent settlement by the English, Jamestown, Virginia. Pocahontas had become familiar with the English ways, after befriending adventurer John Smith. After Smith’s departure, it looked like Jamestown would be abandoned but Baron De La Warr (Delaware) came with supplies, along with Rolfe. Pocahontas was taken as a captive in 1613, as a way to broker peace. While in custody, she was treated as a guest and learnt more of the English ways. She eventually converted to Christianity and became known to the English as Lady Rebecca. After falling in love with Rolfe, a marriage pact was agreed. The peace would last for a few years, but Pocahontas would die in England, likely of Smallpox, and Rolfe would be massacred by Natives after returning to Virginia in 1622.

1792: The First Presidential Veto Used

Today in history, President George Washington used his first ever veto against a Congressional bill. The bill wanted to divide the House of Representatives in a different way, giving northern states more seats. Washington, who came George Washingtonfrom Virginia, decided that this was unconstitutional and vetoed the plans. Thomas Jefferson had noted that the votes for and against were evenly divided between the north and south states, and Washington did not want to really use the veto in case he looked bias against the north. He only used the veto once more in 1797.

1955: The Resignation of Winston Churchill

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill resigned on this day in history. He had helped to lead the Allies in victory during World War II, rallying the troops and working well with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Postwar, he acted as leader of the opposition for six years before being re-elected as prime minister. He retired as prime minister on this day, but remained in Parliament for another nine years.

1994: The Suicide of Kurt Cobain

The world was rocked with the news that Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain had killed himself. His body had been discovered three days after his death on April 5, 1994, by Gary Smith, who was installing a security system in his home. Skeptics still believe that he was murdered, with his wife Courtney Love being blamed. Police determined the death was a suicide.

Famous Birthdays on April 4

Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan–1288

Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Emperor–1472

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes—1588

Physician who started using antiseptics during surgery Joseph Lister—1827

South Carolina congressman Robert Smalls—1839

Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner actor Spencer Tracy—1900

Jezebel actress Bette Davis—1908

To Kill a Mockingbird actor Gregory Peck—1916

South Vietnam president Nguyen Van Thieu—1923

Liar Liar actress Krista Allen—1971

Rapper Pharrell Williams—1973

Cinderella actress Lily James—1989

Sources:

Famous birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com, and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Image of James VI of Scotland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_VI_and_I#/media/File:King_James_I_of_England_and_VI_of_Scotland_by_John_De_Critz_the_Elder.jpg

Image of George Washington: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington#/media/File:Gilbert_Stuart_Williamstown_Portrait_of_George_Washington.jpg


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