On This Day in History: April 10

On April 10, the U.S. patent system was formed and the Titanic sets off on her maiden voyage. Here’s a look at the events and births that took place in history today.

1790: Formation of the U.S. Patent System

TitanicThe patent system was formed today in history. Now found under Title 35 of the United States Code, it is possible to patent projects to protect ideas and creations. The person who patents first is the one who holds the rights to that idea. Before the initial patent law, those who invented items could appeal to a colonial government for exclusive commercial right, but there were limitations to this. There was a call for patent acts, with states enacting their own. The first state was South Carolina in 1784. The first federal patent act in 1790 allowed a 14-year exclusivity term and excluded foreigners from gaining American patents.

1834: The Discovery of a Torture Chamber

In history today, the LaLaurie mansion torture chamber was found, but only because of one act. Delphine LaLaurie is known as one of America’s most terrible slave owners. She routinely tortured and brutalized her slaves, one of whom was a 70-year-old woman who had been found chained in the kitchen. The female slave had set fire to the place in an attempt to escape the torture and showed the attic, which housed seven slaves tied up with iron spiked collars. While some slavery mistreatment was considered the norm at the time, LaLaurie’s sadistic chamber lead to a mob gathering outside her home. LaLaurie and her husband escaped by boat and the butler, who had participated in the torture, faced the wrath of the murderous neighbors.

Madam LaLaurie was portrayed in American Horror Story: Coven by Kathy Bates. Her story was changed considerably, but the attic torture chamber was included.

1912: The ‘Titanic’ Sets Out on Her Doomed Maiden Voyage

The “unsinkable” Titanic set out on her maiden voyage on this day in history. With 923 passengers, she sailed from Portsmouth to Cherbourg, France and then Queenstown, Ireland to collect the rest before setting off to America. Hundreds of the wealthiest people from around the world were onboard, along with many people emigrated to the New World from Britain, Ireland, and other parts of Europe. Out of the 2,224 passengers on the ship, less than 725 James V of Scotland(mostly women and children in the upper-class) made it to their destination after the Titanic crashed into an iceberg and sank. The disaster led to a call for change on lifeboat and passenger laws.

1941: Croatia Declares Independence

On April 10, 1941 The Independent State of Croatia (including Herzegovina and Bosnia) was set up y the Italian and German Yugoslavia invaders. Pro-fascist leaders were put in power, making it just a puppet to the Nazi regime. Between 350,000 and 450,000 people were massacred, with the Jasenovac concentration camp becoming one of the most famous from the period. Most of the victims were gypsies, Jews, or Serbs. Croatia would fall into the hands of the communists after the war, despite many wanting to ally with the British.

Famous Birthdays on April 10

Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor—401

King James V of Scotland (father of Mary, Queen of Scots)—1512

Statesman Hugo Grotius—1583

Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator/historian—1695

Naval officer Matthew C. Perry—1794

Ben Hur author Lew Wallace—1827

First U.S. female cabinet member Frances Perkins—1880

Synthetic chemist Robert B. Woodward—1917

Dr. Zhivago actor Omar Sharif—1932

The Great Railway Bazaar author Paul Theroux—1941

Wrestler Paul Bearer—1954

Sons of Anarchy actor Charlie Hunnam—1980

Pretty Little Liars actress Shay Mitchell—1987

Country singer Maren Morris—1990

Sources:

Featured Image from Deposit Photos

Birthdays from OnThisDay.com, HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Images:

Titanic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Titanic_Colourised,_photographed_in_Southampton.png

James V: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_V_of_Scotland#/media/File:Portrait_of_James_V_of_Scotland_(1512_-_1542).jpg


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