On This Day in History: April 11

On April 11, war was narrowly avoided between Britain and Greece. Here is a look at this day in history, including famous birthdays.

1471: King Edward IV Takes England Back

After a 6-month change of monarchy, King Edward IV of England deposed his predecessor King Henry VI for a second time. This time would be the last, and bring temporary peace to the nation during the stressful Wars of the George of GreeceRoses. Edward’s victory meant that his wife and children, including the 6-month-old heir to the throne, Prince Edward, who had been born in sanctuary, were able to come out of sanctuary. Henry VI was taken to the Tower of London, where he died with many believing that Edward IV and his brothers, George and Richard, killed him to prevent another change of power.

1870: Greece Narrowly Avoids War With Britain

When British Lord Muncaster was kidnapped by brigands while visiting Marathon, Greece, it almost led to war. King George of Greece had tried to trade himself as a hostage instead of English lord, but negotiations failed and Muncaster, among others, was killed. Britain threatened war, but Russia stepped in on Greece’s side. Greece also promised to step up efforts to crack down on the bandits. It was just enough to stop war.

1957: Singapore Becomes a Self-Ruling Island

Until this point, Singapore was under British rule. However, on this day in history, Britain agreed the island could govern itself and brought an end to the Singapore Constitutional Conference. The constitution did not come into effect until January 1958, but it was at least a state. There were problems, and one of the pre-conditions that “persons known to have been engaged in subversive activity” being barred from the Legislative Assembly was not met by Singapore. Chief Minister of Singapore David Marshall also chose to resign after the announcement.

1970: ‘Apollo 13’ Launches to the Moon

Today in history, Apollo 13 was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to the moon. The aim was to get the spacecraft, with James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise, and John L. Swigert to the Fra Mauro highlands on the moon, but all plans had to be abandoned. On April 13, an oxygen tank exploded and Lovell reported the famous saying “Houston, we’ve had a problem here.” The mission would become one to return the men home safely, after it turnedApollo 13 Original Crew Photo out that the oxygen tank explosion disabled the usual oxygen, water, and electricity supplies. The events have since turned into a movie starring Tom Hanks.

1979: Idi Amin Loses Power

Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was overthrown today in history. He was forced to flee Kampala, as Tanzanian troops closed in. He had ruled Uganda since 1966, launching his genocidal program to purge the country of the Acholi and Lango ethic groups. He made it out of Uganda and to Libya and then Saudi Arabia, where he remained until his death in 2003.

Famous Birthdays on April 11

Elector Frederick I of Saxony—1370

Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March–1374

Marguerite of Navarre–1492

Poet Christopher Smart—1722

British Prime Minister George Canning—1770

U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughs—1862

Writer Glenway Wescott—1901

Ethel Kennedy—1925

Columnist Ellen goodman—1941

Top Gear host Jeremy Clarkson—1960

X-Men: First Class actress Morgan Lily—2000

Sources:

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Image of George of Greece: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_I_of_Greece#/media/File:King_George_of_Hellenes.jpg

Apollo 13 Original Crew Photo: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_13#/media/File:The_Original_Apollo_13_Prime_Crew_-_GPN-2000-001166.jpg


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