On April 14, the Wars of the Roses started to come to a temporary end with the Battle of Barnet. What else happened and who was born in history today?
1471: The Battle of Barnet Comes to an End
On this day in history, the Richard Neville, the Earl of Warwick, died at the Battle of Barnet. He was fighting on the Lancastrian side, despite previously helping Yorkist Edward Plantagenet become King Edward IV of England. The defeat was followed by the defeat of Edward of Westminster at the Battle of Tewksbury and brought a temporary end to the Wars of the Roses. Despite historians setting the start date of Edward IV’s second reign as April 11, this was the official date of the Lancastrian fall.
1536: King Henry VIII Expropriates Minor Monasteries
The dissolution of the monasteries took place between 1536 and 1541. Most of history focuses on the larger monasteries, but the smaller ones were expropriated today in history. The initial move put money back into the Crown’s treasury, but the money depleted in 1540 when Henry VIII went to war with France. It was part of the religious reformation in England and Wales, which started years earlier when Henry VIII became the Supreme Head of the Church.
1865: The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
On April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a confederate sympathizer at Ford’s Theater. John Wilkes Booth shot the president after Robert E. Lee was forced to surrender his troopsto General Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia. Lincoln had been in a booth over the stage with his wife and others, and Booth slipped in and shot him.
1912: The Sinking of the Titanic
On the fateful night of April 14, 1912, the RMS Titanic hit an iceberg, rupturing the hull. It had already made history as the largest ocean liners around and was deemed “unsinkable.” The vessel hit the iceberg just before midnight, and around 2:20am the next morning it sank completely. Due to the shortage of lifeboats, more than 1,500 people lost their lives, mostly due to hypothermia, and only around 700 people (mostly women and children and of the upper classes) survived. The disaster would create a call for change in the safety procedures should something happen again.
Famous Birthdays on April 14
Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan–1336
King Phillip III of Spain and Portugal—1578
Astronomer Christian Huygens—1629
Religious leader Adam Gib–1714
UK Whig Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentwick, Duke of Portland–1738
Helen Keller’s teacher Anne Mansfield Sullivan—1866
Historian Arnold Toynbee–1889
Doctor Who actor Peter Capaldi—1958
The Full Monty actor Robert Carlyle—1961
Buffy the Vampire Slayer actress Sarah Michelle Gellar—1977
My Sister’s Keeper actress Abigail Breslin—1996
Birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Neville,_16th_Earl_of_Warwick#/media/File:Earlwarwicksvow_large.jpg
RMS Titanic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Neville,_16th_Earl_of_Warwick#/media/File:Earlwarwicksvow_large.jpg
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