Today in history, the Titanic sunk in the early hours of the morning. Here is a look at April 15 in history.
1534: Thomas Cromwell Is Named Henry VIII’s Chief Secretary
Thomas Cromwell’s actions pre-1533 are largely unknown and undocumented. It leaves much to the imagination of the historians. However, this day in history is the day given as when Thomas Cromwell became Henry VIII’s Chief Secretary, likely for his actions in aiding the divorce of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. From this point, he made plenty of notes about meetings and the events at court. He surrounded himself with people he could trust, putting him in a position of major power that would lead to his position as Lord Privy Seal. However, his rise from a low birth would end disastrously, when the people around him blamed him for various shortcomings and Henry VIII had him executed in 1540.
1865: The Death of President Lincoln
After being shot the night before, President Abraham Lincoln was officially declared dead at 7:22am on this day in history. The president had not been instantly killed from the gunshot John Wilkes Booth carried out. He was left paralyzed and struggling to breath when Dr. Charles Leale rushed up to his booth. He was taken to the house across the street and placed on a bed, until a surgeon general arrived. Unfortunately, he could not be saved. Vice President Andrew Johnson remained by his bedside until his death.
1912: RMS Titanic Sinks
After hitting an iceberg the night before, the Titanic sunk today in history. One of the survivors was Molly Brown, who became known as “the unsinkable Molly Brown.” Not long after her marriage to James J. Brown, he had found a profitable gold deposit and the family became rich overnight. However, her flamboyant personality led to the couple separating, but she did benefit financially for the divorce and used the money to travel the world. Brown had taken command of the lifeboat she had been in, helping to rescue some of the other victims from that fateful night. Her personality also helped to keep the spirits of other survivors up.
1945: Bergen-Belsen Liberated
On April 15, 1945, concentration camp Bergen-Belsen was finally liberated by the British forces. It was the first concentration camp to be liberated during the Second World War, and troops were shocked to find piles of rotting corpses and dead bodies. The surviving prisoners were starving and sick, with many suffering from typhoid, TB and typhus. In fact, the only reason the Germans agreed to surrender this camp was due to the disease in the place. Most of the prisoners were women and children, adding to the shock for the soldiers and later the public when they learned of the conditions.
Famous Birthdays on April 15
Painter and sculptor Leonardo da Vinci—1452
Sikhism founder Guru Nanak–1469
Physician, Robert Sibbald–1641
Empress Catherine I of Russia—1684
Portrait painter Charles Wilson Peale—1741
First to use anesthesia during childbirth, Walter Channing–1786
Magnetic North Pole founder Sir James Clark Ross—1800
Historian, John Lothrop Motley–1814
Civil rights advocate and labor leader Asa Phillip Randolph—1889
Blues singer Bessie Smith—1898
North Korean leader Kim Il-Sung—1912
Harry Potter actress Emma Watson—1990
Game of Thrones actress Maisie Williams—1997
Birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Thomas Cromwell: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Cromwell#/media/File:Cromwell,Thomas(1EEssex)01.jpg
Molly Brown: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Brown#/media/File:Margaret_Brown,_3qtr_view,_with_chair.jpg
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