On April 16, America saw one of its deadliest school shootings in history when 32 were killed at Virginia Tech. What events and birthdays took place in history today?
1705: Isaac Newton Knighted By Queen Anne of Britain
On this day in history, Isaac Newton became Sir Isaac after being knighted by the British queen, Anne Stuart. It took place at the Master’s Lodge at Trinity College, London. The decision for Anne to attend and knight him was a surprise for everyone, including Newton, but Anne believed he deserved it for his scientific achievements.
1745: The Final Jacobite Battle of British Soil
Today in history, the final Jacobite battle on British soil, the Battle of Culloden, took place. Bonnie Prince Charlie led the battle, in an attempt to take the British throne back into Stuart hands. He was the grandson of King James II of England, who had been removed from power by William of Orange due to his Catholic views. After the death of Queen Anne without heirs, the crown passed to the House of Hanover, as the English wouldn’t allow a Catholic monarch take the throne. The Jacobites had wanted Bonnie Prince Charlie on the throne, but the House of Hanover held the forces back and forced them off British soil. Charles Edward Stuart never took the fight back to British soil again and the Jacobite caused effectively died.
1964: The “Great Train Robbers” Sentenced to Prison
Today in history, British criminals “The Great Train Robbers” were sentenced to 307 years in prison all together. It was among the longest sentences ever given in British criminal history. The 12 men had stolen £2.5m in bank notes when travelling from Glasgow to London in the August of 1963. Mr. Justice Edmund Davies said that he could not show leniency, considering the severity of the robbery and that it was carried out for greed rather than anything else.
2007: Virginia Tech Massacre
In recent history, America faced one of its deadliest shootings in its history. A total of 32 students and teachers were killed when student Seung Hui Cho open-fired at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He would later die from a self-inflicted wound. The violence began at 7:15am and finished around 9:50am. The U.S. Department of Education fined the college in 2011 for failing to protect students after the first bout of shooting where two students died.
Famous Birthdays on April 16
King Louis the Pious–778
King John II of France–1319
Painter, Frans van Mieris, the Elder–1634
Pope Clement XII–1652
British Museum founder Hans Sloane—1660
Poet and statesman Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax–1661
Artic explorer Sir John Franklin—1786
Writer Anatoe France—1844
First airplane builder and flyer Wilbur Wright—1867
Actor Charlie Chaplin—1889
Moon River composer Henry Mancini—1924
Basketball player Lew Alcinder—1947
Pope Benedict XVI—1927
Futurama voice actor Billy West—1952
Birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Isaac Newton: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton#/media/File:GodfreyKneller-IsaacNewton-1689.jpg
Pope Clement XII: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_XII#/media/File:Pope_Clement_XII,_portrait.jpg
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