On This Day in History: April 21

April 21 is traditionally the day given for the founding of Rome. Here are other events and famous birthdays that occurred on this day in history.

753 BC: The Founding of the Rome

Romulus and RemusTradition states that twin brothers Romulus and Remus founded Rome, the site a she-wolf suckled them as orphaned infants. The myth actually originated around the 4th century BC, and Marcus Terentius Varro, a Roman scholar, dates Rome’s founding to the 1st century BC. Romulus offered asylum to exiles and fugitives to popular the town, and invited Sabines to a festival and abducted women to get females.

1536: Thomas Cromwell Begins the Plot Against Anne Boleyn

Today in history is given as the date that Thomas Cromwell began his plot to take down Anne Boleyn and her faction. He feigned illness to look for a way to take down the Queen of England, after she made it clear that she objected to the way that the money from the monasteries was spent. While Cromwell put all the money into the treasury (and kept some for himself) and destroyed all the buildings, Queen Anne fought for some of the money to go to the poor and for the buildings to be used for education. Unfortunately for Anne, she had now lost favor with King Henry VIII of England. Cromwell’s plot succeeded, as Anne would be executed, along with five men accused of adultery with her.

1930: Ohio Fire Leads to Prisoner Deaths

Around 320 inmates died after a fire broke out at a prison in Ohio, some due to not being unlocked from their cells. It is one of American history’s worst prison disasters. Ohio State Penitentiary had already developed a poor reputation for its prisoners, but this was the biggest issue. There were 4,300 prisoners in the prison at the time, and construction crews were expanding it, when a fire broke out on the scaffolding. The guards were somewhat indifferent to saving the prisoners, and it took two prisoners to take the keys to start rescue efforts.

1955: Fleet Street Papers Return to Work

After a month of striking, Fleet Street newspapers returned to work. The strike was called on due to 700 men who Charlotte Brontetook care of the machinery asking for a wage increase of a little over £2 per week. While the unions refused to accept the latest offer from the employers, but did agree to return to work while negotiations continued. The strike cost the industry £3m.

Famous Birthdays on April 21

Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylo–1651

Economist John Law–1671

Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress–1673

Kindergarten founder Friedrich Froebel—1782

Politician John Putnam Chapin–1810

Jane Eyre author Charlotte Bronte—1816

Embryologist Oscar Hertwig—1849

Black Orpheus director Marcel Camus—1912

Queen Elizabeth II of Britain—1926

Comedy writer Elaine May—1932

The Last King of Scotland actor James McAvoy—1979

The Tomorrow’s People Robbie Amell—1988

Photographer Joseph Hernandez—1996

Princess Isabella of Denmark–2007

Sources:

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com, OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Image of Romulus and Remus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_and_Remus#/media/File:Romolo_e_remo.jpg

Image of Charlotte Bronte: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Bront%C3%AB#/media/File:CBRichmond.png


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