On This Day in History: April 27

On April 27, 1992, the first female was elected as the Speaker of the House of Commons in its 700-year history. What else happened today in history?

1124: David I of Scotland Takes the Throne

The actual date of his ascension to the throne is disputed, but this is the date given by some historians for when Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim became David I of Scotland. As the younger brother of Alexander I of Scotland, he was only heir until the birth of Alexander’s son Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair. However, with the backing of Henry I of England, David fought for the throne and won. It took around 10 years for him to fully cement his place on the throne, according to many historians. Due to spending a lot of time in England, he brought various Norman and Paradise LostAnglo-French styles to his country during his reign, including a Norman-style government and the foundation of the monasteries.

1667: Paradise Lost Copyright Sold

Many authors wouldn’t dream of selling their copyright, unless it was for a substantial amount. On this day in history, John Milton decided to sell the copyright to his poem Paradise Lost for just £10. The poem had been written that year, and was something he had to dictate as by this point he was blind. He was also jobless and impoverished due to various bad choices, and the sale was a necessity.

1865: Steamship Explosion Kills Union Soldiers

This day in history saw the explosion of the Sultana, a steamboat carrying discharged Union soldiers along the Mississippi River close to Memphis. It originally left New Orleans with 100 passengers, but was forced to stop at Vicksburg, Mississippi for leaky boiler repairs. Two sheets needed replacing but Captain J. Cass Mason said to patch them up so they could get on their way to St. Louis. They needed to get the discharged Union prisoners. It had 2,100 soldiers and 200 civilians at the time of the explosion, more than six times its capabilities. A total of 1,700 people perished, and the leaky boiler had proven to be the reason for it becoming such a disaster.

1992: Betty Boothroyd Becomes House of Commons Speaker

The first ever female was elected as House of Commons Speaker on April 27, 1992. Betty Boothroyd was the Labout MP for West Bromwich West and won with a majority of 134 for the speaker position. With the Conservative Party in power, it was the first time since wartime that a member of the opposition had held the position. Prime Minister

Edward Gibbon

John Major congratulated Boothroyd, saying that because it was contested, he believed it added to her success. She was re-elected in 1997 for the same position.

Famous Birthdays on April 27

Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan–1593

Queen of Denmark and Norway, Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel–1650

King Charles Emanuel I of Sardinia–1701

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire historian Edward Gibbon—1737

Telegraph and Morse code inventor Samuel F.B. Morse—1791

American Civil War Union general and U.S. president Ulysses S. Grant—1822

Woody Woodpecker creator Walter Lantz—1900

Fall Out Boy leader singer Patrick Stump—1984

Doctor Who actress Jenna Coleman—1986

Sources:

Birthdays from OnThisDay.com, HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Paradise Lost: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradise_Lost#/media/File:Houghton_EC65.M6427P.1667aa_-_Paradise_Lost,_1667.jpg

Edward Gibbon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Gibbon#/media/File:Edward_Emily_Gibbon.jpg


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