On This Day in History: May 3

On May 3, a British girl went missing while with her family in Portugal. The case is still ongoing today. Here are some events in history today.

1558: Ferdinand I Officially Becomes the Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand IDespite Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor abdicating from the position in 1556 and Ferdinand being crowned the Holy Roman Emperor in March 1558, it wasn’t until this day that the position became official and legally valid. This was the day that the Imperial Diet accepted Charles’ resignation from the position. While Charles favored his brother Ferdinand for the position, there was a lengthy debate over who would take the title. Charles continued to use the title Holy Roman Emperor until May 3, 1558, when Ferdinand was finally allowed to officially use it.

1947: Japan’s New Constitution

On this day in history, the post-war constitution for Japan went into effect. It stripped Emperor Hirohito of all his power, although he kept symbolic power, and abolished peerage. Japan’s right to make war was also outlawed, along with the introduction of a bill of rights. The Supreme Allied Commander Douglas MacArthur and his staff, although the Japanese had attempted to deem it was unacceptable.

1968: UK’s First Heart Transplant Performed

A team of 18 hospital staff successfully performed the first UK heart transplant in London’s National Heart Hospital. South African-born surgeon Donald Ross led the operation on 45-year-old Frederick West, and took seven hours. He would died 46 days after receiving the donor heart, from 26-year-old Patrick Ryan. His death was due to an infection he had been fighting for nine days. It marked the 10th even heart transplant, after Dr. Christian Barnard carried out the first in December 1967 in South Africa.

2007: Madeleine McCann Goes Missing

NiccoloJust two weeks before her fourth birthday, British tourist Madeleine McCann went missing in Portugal. She and her younger siblings had been left alone in a hotel room, while their parents and friends went for a meal in a restaurant close by. The disappearance prompted a nationwide manhunt and the McCanns have been fighting ever since to find her. The police originally believed she had wandered off, but now believe she may have been abducted. Many others suspect there are details missing and started blaming and accusing the parents. The parents were named as suspects in police investigations but later ruled out.

Famous Birthdays on May 3

Cecily Neville, Duchess of York–1415

Margaret of York, Duchess of Burgundy–1446

The Prince writer Niccolo Machiavelli—1469

Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir—1898

Bing Crosby—1903 (one of the dates given for his birth)

Poet May Sarton—1912

Picnic writer William Inge—1913

Jazz pianist John Lewis—1920

Champion middleweight boxer Walker Smith Jr.—1920

The Brady Bunch actress Ann B. Davis—1926

Singer/songwriter James Brown—1933

Two Pink Ladies singer Eric Church—1977


Birthdays from OnThisDay.com, HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor#/media/File:Hans_Bocksberger_der_Aeltere_001.jpg

Image of Niccolo Machiavelli: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli#/media/File:Portrait_of_Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli_by_Santi_di_Tito.jpg

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