On This Day in History: May 4

On May 4, the Battle of Tewksbury took place and Edward IV regained his English crown. What else happened today in history?

1471: The Battle of Tewksbury

Edward IV of EnglandAfter six months of being in exile, Edward IV had returned to get his crown back. While the Battle of Barnet has helped to start the Yorkist victory, the Battle of Tewksbury cemented it. Henry VI of England’s wife and son, Margaret of Anjou and Edward of Westminster were captured and killed respectively. Edward IV would remain King of England until his death in 1483, and the House of York would hold the crown until the Battle of Bosworth in August 1985.

1886: Haymarket Square Riot Takes Place

While trying to break up protesting laborers, the police are attacked by a bomb in Haymarket Square, Chicago. It led to the officials firing on the protesters, killing and injuring dozens. The riots led to a wave of xenophobia, due to the race of the protesting laborers. In the end, 31 labor radicals were indicted by a grand jury, with seven receiving the death penalty for the bomb. Two of those would have their sentences commuted to life imprisonment, and a third would commit suicide the night before his execution. The others were all executed.

1979: Britain Gets Its First Female Prime Minister

On this day in history, Margaret Thatcher became the first female British prime minister. She would take over from Labour’s James Callaghan, as the Conservative Party won a 43 seat majority. Thatcher would gain a reputation as being the Iron Lady, and was not well-liked in the north after numerous cuts and unfavorable decisions. The Conservatives had pledged to cut income tax and public spending. She did lead to people buying their council homes and helped to gain success in the Falklands War in 1982.

1990: The Humane Execution Debate Is Raised Again

In Florida, Jesse Tafero was executed on May 4, 1990. It took three attempts due to malfunctions and led to flames Horace Mannleaping from his head. The debate of inhumane executions was raised, and it led to several states switching the electric chair for the lethal injection for executions. This move had its own issues, as there were few people qualified to use the lethal injection and it led to painful deaths for inmates.

Famous Birthdays on May 4

King Henry I of France–1008

Writer Richard Graves–1715

Author Horace Mann—1796

Whitaker’s Almanac publisher Joseph Whitaker—1820

Biologist Thomas Henry Huxley—1825

Explorer John Hanning Speke—1827

Artist Alexandre Benois–1870

Nutritionist Agnes Fay Morgan—1884

Actress Audrey Hepburn—1929

The Sweet Shop Owner writer Graham Swift—1949

Graffiti artist Keith Haring–1958

Three Wooden Crosses singer Randy Travis—1959

NFL fullback Derrick Clark–1971

Green Day bassist Mike Dirnt–1972

*NSYNC singer Lance Bass—1979

The Vampire Diaries actress Grace Phipps—1992

Pauline Ducruet of Monaco–1994

Sources:

Birthdays from HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Image of King Edward IV of England: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_IV_of_England#/media/File:King_Edward_IV.jpg

Image of Horace Mann: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horace_Mann#/media/File:Horace_Mann_-_Daguerreotype_by_Southworth_%26_Hawes,_c1850.jpg


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