On This Day in History: May 10

On May 10, Marie Antoinette became the last Queen Consort of France, with her husband Louis XVI becoming France’s last king. What else happened today in history?

Marie Antoinette

1774: The Last French Monarchs

Louise XVI and Marie Antoinette became the last French monarchs on this day in history, after the death of Louis’ grandfather Louis XV of France. His father had died nine years earlier. Despite initial attempts to unite France and strengthen the monarchy, the peasants revolted in favor of a republican nation. The two were later deposed and executed.

1877: First Phone Installed in the White House

On this day in history, the first phone was installed into the White House, under President Rutherford B. Hayes’ instructions. Hayes chose to embrace new technology and had it installed in the telegraph room. He wouldn’t receive many direct calls, as the Treasury was the only place to have a phone direct to the White House, but it was a step into modernization. It would take another 50 years for a phone to be installed at the president’s desk in the Oval Office, under President Herbert Hoover’s orders.

1940: Britain Gets a Strong Wartime Prime Minister

Today in history saw Winston Churchill replace Neville Chamberlain as the wartime Prime Minister. Chamberlain had decided to resign after losing a House of Commons Vote of No Confidence. Churchill had already proven his ability to lead militaries, and quickly won the support of the British people. Three days after the announcement, he made his first speech where he promised to “never surrender;” a promise he stuck by throughout.

1994: Nelson Mandela Becomes First Black South African President

After more than 300 years of white rule, Nelson Mandela made South African history by becoming the first black Louis XVI of Francepresident. His African National Congress party won 252 out of 400 seats. It was also the country’s first democratic elections ever held. His aim was for reconciliation in the country and he later focused on the ceremonial duties to give the country a new image. He remained in the position until his retirement in 1999.

Famous Birthdays on May 10

Emperor Fushimi of Japan–1265

Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk–1536

Declaration of Independence signor George Ross—1730

Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello–1769

Lawyer Montgomery Blair—1813

Theologian Karl Barth—1886

Actor and dancer Fred Astaire—1899

Gone with the Wind producer David O. Selznick—1902

Watership Down author Richard Adams—1920

Ballerina Judith Jamison—1944

Bud, Not Buddy author Christopher Paul Curtis—1953

Sex Pistols bassist, Sid Vicious–1957

U2 Singer Bono—1960

Triple jumper Jonathon Edwards–1966

Pretty Little Liars actress Lindsay Shaw—1989

Olympic swimmer Missy Franklin—1995

The Gosselin Sextuplets–2004

Sources:

Birthdays from OnThisDay.com, HistoryNet.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Marie Antoinette: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Antoinette#/media/File:Marie_Antoinette_1767.jpg

Louis XVI of France: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XVI_of_France#/media/File:Louis16-1775.jpg


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