On This Day in History: June 14

On June 14, the last Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales allied himself with the French. Here’s a look at the events and birthdays from today in history.

1404: Owain Glyn Dŵr Allies Himself with the King of France

Owain Glyn Dwr is best known as the last native Welshman to hold the title of Prince of Wales. After declaring himself with that title, he allied himself with the King of France against the Lancastrian king Henry IV of England. It led to the Welsh revolt against the English king. Despite an initial strong start, the lack of artillery made it difficult to keep the gained fortresses in Welsh hands. Glyn Dwr is last recoreded in 1412, but his death is recorded to have happened in 1415.

Owen monument

1777: The American National Flag Adopted

Today in history, the Continental Congress adopted the national flag of America. While today it has 13 stripes and 50 stars, the original flag had thirteen alternate strips of white and red, with 13 stars on a blue field. The stars now represent the 50 states in the union but originally represented “a new Constellation.” The flag was based on the flag of the Grand Union, which was carried by the Continental Army in 1776 during the American Revolutionary War. At one point, more stripes and stars were added, but in 1818 Congress decided that the flag should only have 13 stripes to represent the initial 13 states.

On this day 100 years later, the first Flag Day took place to celebrate the 100th anniversary. After that, a handful of states observed the anniversary but it was designated as an official national day of observance in 1949.

American Flag

1982: Britain and Argentina Come to Cease Fire Agreements

Today in British history, Margaret Thatcher’s British government was able to start negotiating peace terms with Argentina over the Falkland Islands, a small group of islands close to the South Pole. Today saw the cease fire agreed, allowing for talks that led to Britain keeping its control over the islands. The official end to the war in the islands didn’t happen until June 20. In the end, 255 British and 655 Argentine soldiers were killed. The islands remain a hostile element between Argentina and Britain, although the people of the Falkland Islands have made it very clear they want to remain British.

Famous Birthdays on June 14

Archduke Ferdinand of Austria—1529

Composer Jan Francisci—1691

Uncle Tom’s Cabin author Harriet Beecher Stowe—1811

Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts—1819

Inventor Jacob Ellehammer—1871

Racing driver Chico Landi—1907

Argentine Marxist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara—1928

President of the United States Donald Trump—1946

Singer Boy George—1961

Reign and The Tudors actor Torrance Coombs—1983

Pretty Little Liars actress Lucy Hale—1989

Little Mix singer Jesy Nelson—1991

Sources:

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Birthdays from OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Monument to Owain Glyndŵr’s victory at Hyddgen by Jeff Tomlinson used under the CC-2.0 License

Creation of the American Flag: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betsy_Ross_flag#/media/File:Betsy_Ross_1777_cph.3g09905.jpg


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