On This Day in History: June 16

On June 16, what is considered the final battle in Britain’s Wars of the Roses took place with Henry Tudor again proving to be triumphant. Here’s a look at the events that took place today in history.

1487: The Battle of Stoke Field

While many will consider the Battle of Bosworth as the final battle in the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Stoke Field is viewed as it by many historians. Despite taking the throne from Richard III and marrying the Yorkist heir Elizabeth, Henry VII of England had a difficult start to his reign. He face opposition from prominent members of the York line, especially the de la Poles. John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln had been named Richard’s heir. When Lambert Simnel pretended to be the young Edward of Warwick, John realized an opportunity to take the throne from Henry Tudor. The battle was bloodier than Bosworth, with most of the York men dying. Simnel was viewed as an innocent part in the rebellion by Henry and was made a royal kitchen boy.

Stoke Field

1884: The First American Roller Coaster Opens

America’s first roller coaster opened on this day in history. The Coney Island switchback railway cost a nickel per ride and moved at a speed of six miles per hour. It instantly became a success and there were calls for more roller coasters to be built by the people. During the Great Depression, amusement parks and roller coasters saw a decline in popularity, but the gained that back in 1955 after Disneyland, California opened.

Switchback Railway

1963: First Woman Goes to Space

The Soviet Union had the first space program to launch a woman into space. She was Lieutenant Veronica Tereshkova and was launched on Vostok VI. The aim of the mission was to attempt the first docking onto another spaceship, which was successful. By the end of the day, Tereshkova completed 23 circuits around the Earth, overtaking the American record held by Gordon Cooper. Two days later, she returned to Earth by parachute in Kazakhstan. Tereshkova never returned to space after that mission.

Famous Birthdays on June 16

Emperor Konoe of Japan—1139

English princess Isabella de Coucy—1332

Soldier Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall—1606

Economist Adam Smith—1723

Apache leader Geronimo—1829

Prime Minister of Canada, Arthur Meighen—1874

Prime Minister, of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh—1882

Conductor Willi Boskovsky—1909

, President of Mexico, José López Portillo—1920

Harold & Kumar actor John Cho—1977

Stick It actress Missy Peregrym—1982

The Rebel commentator Lauren Southern—1995

Riverdale actor KJ Apa—1997

Sources:

Featured image from Deposit Photos

Birthdays from OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com

Stoke Field by Andrew Tatlow/CC-2.0 License

Switchback Railway: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switchback_Railway#/media/File:Thompsons_Switchback_Railway_1884.jpg


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