Today in history, an American president signed a declaration that began a war with Britain. Here’s a look at things that happened on June 18 around the world.
1812: The Start of the War of 1812
President James Madison signed the declaration of war voted by the Senate and House of Representatives, starting the War of 1812. The Americans went to war against Britain, despite a sizable Congress minority. The British had created an economic blockade against France, while forcing American seamen into the British Royal Navy and supporting hostile Great Lakes Indian tribes. The Americans launched a three-point invasion into Canada in the hope to gain significant lands. It would take two and a half years to bring the War of 1812 to an end, with the boundary between the U.S. and Canada officially established.
1815: The Defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo
On this day in history, Napoleon Bonaparte suffered a major defeat thanks to the efforts of the Duke of Wellington. It wasn’t until 1812 that Napoleon started seeing major defeats in his military career, but it was 1815 that brought down the Napoleonic era. After losing to the Duke of Wellington, Napoleon abdicated on June 22 in favor of his son and left France before anyone could turn completely against him. He then surrendered himself to the British for protection with the hope of getting to America. Instead, Britain sent him to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he lived for six years before he died in 1821.
1965: The Introduction of the British Drink-Drive Limit
While the law has changed over the years, the British drink-drive limit was announced for the first time in British history today. The Road Safety Bill wouldn’t actually be introduced until January 1966, with drivers allowed an alcohol level of 80mg in 100cc of blood. The following year the breathalyser would be introduced to test the level. While the drink-drive limit hasn’t stopped all accidents due to drunk driving, it has significantly reduced the number of them.
Famous Birthdays on June 18
Princess Eleanor of England—1269
Princess Eleanor of Woodstock—1318
Emperor Ogimachi of Japan—1517
Argentine leader Gervasio Antonio de Posadas—1757
Nobel prize physicist Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran—1845
Mountain climber George Mallory—1886
Russian princess Anastasia Nikolaevena—1901
Politician Stanley Knowles—1908
Musician Prince Lincoln Thompson—1949
The Beatles member Paul McCartney—1942
The Voice judge Blake Shelton—1976
Disney’s Gravity Falls creator Alex Hirsch—1985
Game of Thrones actor Richard Madden—1986
Featured image from Deposit Photos
Birthdays from OnThisDay.com and FamousBirthdays.com
Declaration of War 1812: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812#/media/File:1812_War_Declaration.jpg
Battle of Waterloo: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Waterloo#/media/File:Battle_of_Waterloo_1815.PNG
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