Over the years, India has been shifting to the information technology age drastically. Computers and the Internet have gained popularity with the digitization of the nation to the point that they have become an essential aspect of people’s lives. The advent of these technologies led to the rise in demand for computer courses.
There is no denying the fact that technology has improved the quality of life. From space exploration to banking, their use is now prominent in various sectors. These days, educational institutions have been coming up with several advanced computer courses that can cater to the skill requirements of different industries.
Information Technology, also known as IT, has a stronghold in every industry including Manufacturing, Education, Finance, Mass Media, Communication, Entertainment, Marketing, Environment, etc. Progress in any of these sectors is almost impossible without the assistance of IT. But, what is information technology? Read this article further if you are interested in IT and wish to pursue any information technology courses.
What is Information Technology?
As the name suggests, Information Technology involves the study of systems such as computers to store and retrieve information. Even if you are not an IT student, it’s crucial to possess basic IT skills as they can be of use at various levels including software development, project management, university project work and many more.
Information technology has garnered a lot of attention in the last two decades by revolutionizing the way businesses run. IT professionals support a myriad of business solutions in a number of areas including software applications, data management, communication, security systems etc. These professionals with their expert skills and knowledge have become an inevitable part of not just businesses, but also economies at large.
Today, a wide range of options in IT courses are made available for kids and university students that aid them to explore the IT domain and choose a lucrative and industry-endorsed career path. Business schools are also integrating an information systems module into their learning curriculum.
Top In-Demand IT Courses for 2022
The following is a list of some of the popular IT courses which have high demand in India:
- Cyber Security
Cyber security is a sector that deals with identifying online threats and ensuring the computer systems, networks and applications are well-protected. With more businesses establishing their online presence and conducting online transactions over the internet, the emphasis on online security has increased.
There is a high demand for qualified professionals in this field in various roles including cyber security managers, network security specialists, security architects, information security analysts, cyber security analysts, forensic computer analysts and risk compliance officers. The IT courses can equip you with the required skills in cyber security management, network security, data secrecy, cloud security, cryptography, incidence response, intrusion detection, and risk analysis and mitigation.
- Data Analytics
When it comes to data analytics, the focus is on applying logical reasoning and statistical techniques to data processing. The field deals with extracting relevant data from raw data collection and conducting research to create structured data which can help organizations with various business operations.
Courses in data analytics include topics such as statistics, probability, data visualisation, business analytics, marketing analytics, artificial intelligence and machine learning. SQL, Python, and MS Excel can also be learned. This field offers work as a data analyst, operations analyst, marketing analyst, quantitative analyst and data scientist.
- Web Designing
Web designing involves planning, creating and implementing user-friendly and attractive web designs for websites, web pages and mobile applications. The idea is to build visually attractive, relevant and functional web design by incorporating vital website elements like content, user experience and search engine optimisation.
- Software Development
It involves the operations that go into developing software for computers and web and mobile applications. The software provides a set of instructions to these devices to run specified programmes.
Here, the courses cover subjects like web application development, object-oriented programming, Java programming and database management. Software engineer, software developer, software tester, Java developer, android developer and game developer are the career avenues available.
- Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
While artificial intelligence is about creating human-like interactions and using technology to resolve complex problems and make crucial decisions, machine learning involves enabling machines to adapt to the information received and then performing tasks without actually being programmed to do them.